Tuesday, January 18, 2011

Large Aircraft

List Of Large Aircraft
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A size comparison between four of the largest aircraft. Click to enlarge.
This is a list of notably large aircraft.[clarification needed]


Fixed-wing

Civilian
Aircraft
First flight
Note
21 December 1988
The largest and heaviest aircraft in the world (max. takeoff weight greater than 600 t)
31 August 1965
Radical cargo aircraft based on the Boeing 377
13 September 1994
Airbus replacement for the Super Guppy. Based on the A300-600
23 April 2001
World's longest passenger aircraft
27 April 2005
Largest mass-produced aircraft in the world and the highest-capacity passenger aircraft
16 December 1994
First large transport aircraft to use propfan engines
1982
The second largest mass-produced aircraft in the world once the Airbus A380 was produced
27 February 1965
World's largest turboprop-powered airplane
Boeing 314 Clipper
7 June 1938
One of the largest flying boats
Boeing 377 Stratocruiser
8 July 1947
Large propeller-powered airliner based on the B-50 bomber aircraft
9 February 1969
The largest jetliner for 35 years
9 September 2006
Massive volume for 787 parts transport (65,000 cubic feet)
26 September 1981
2 November 1992
12 June 1994
Largest twin-engined aircraft in the world. Also the second largest Commercial Passenger aircraft made.
1976
Derivative of the 747, used to transport the Space Shuttle
4 September 1949
Large airliner, size comparable to the Boeing 767
Ilyushin IL-86
22 December 1976
First wide-bodied aircraft produced in the Soviet Union
Ilyushin Il-96
28 September 1988
1929
Lockheed L-1011 Tristar
16 November 1970
McDonnell Douglas DC-10
29 August 1970
McDonnell Douglas MD-11
09 March 1988
22 August 1952
One of the largest flying-boats ever built
15 November 1957
Passenger derivative of the Tu-95 bomber
1941
Largest flying-boat ever produced. Used 1945-1956 as a "Flying Dreadnought" by the US navy. From 1956-Present they have been used as water bombers all over the world.
Military
Aircraft
First flight
Note
7 September 1940
11 March 1944
Heaviest aircraft during World War II, and physically was the largest aircraft produced by any of the Axis powers in World War II
21 September 1942
One of the largest aircraft used during World War II
15 April 1952
Strategic bomber used for, so far, more than 50 years
15 September 1991
The newest strategic airlifter used by the USAF, capable of long fights and quick manuevering with a load.
Boeing E-6 Mercury
February 1987
Military derivative of the Boeing 707 used for communications
October 1940
8 August 1946
First intercontinental strategic bomber, largest wingspan in a combat aircraft ever built
23 November 1947
Developed from B-36, largest piston-engined land-based transport aircraft ever built
12 July 1929
Was the largest flying boat in the world when it first flew
Douglas C-124
27 November 1949
Circa 1956
1918
Large strategic bomber introduced at the end of World War I
January 1941
Largest WWII aircraft produced by Japan in any quantity
1919
Largest aircraft (138 ft/42 m) wingspan ever to fly on only one propeller
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
23 August 1954
1963
Used to replace piston-engined aircraft such as the C-124
Lockheed C-5 Galaxy
30 June 1968
Largest American military transport and one of the largest military aircraft in the world
Lockheed R6V Constitution
9 November 1946
Largest fixed-wing aircraft operated by the US Navy
McDonnell Douglas KC-10
1981
Derivative of the DC-10
Martin JRM Mars
1941
Largest flying boat to enter production
1941
Biggest land-based cargo airplane during World War II
Derivative of the M-4, comparable to the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft and Guppy/Beluga transport aircraft
Northrop B-2 Spirit
17 July 1989
Large strategic stealth bomber
June 1946
First bomber utilizing the concept of a "flying-wing"
21 October 1948
Jet-powered version of the YB-35
Tupolev ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky" - Largest aircraft during the 1930s
Circa 1934
One of the largest aircraft of the 1930s, used as a propaganda aircraft in the Soviet Union
12 November 1952
Longest serving Tupolev bomber
18 December 1981
Heaviest combat aircraft ever built
Circa 1917
Largest aircraft to see regular squadron service in World War I
Experimental/proposed
Aircraft
First flight[Note 1]
Note
Announced in 2006 as a derivative of the Airbus A380-800. World's highest-capacity passenger aircraft in history
1980
Will be the largest aircraft ever if built, development started in the 1980s
15 October 1937
Nicknamed the "Old Grandpappy", wing design for it used on the Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat
Announced in 2005 as a derivative of the 747-400 using technology from the 787. World's longest passenger aircraft.
Concept only
Design begun in the early 1960s. A mockup was built but no prototype.
Planned as an answer to the European Concorde Supersonic Transport. At 306 feet (93 m) long it would have been one of the longest airframes ever flown. Problems with the weight of the swing-wing mechanism and air friction heating in Mach 3 flight provoked a drastic redesign, by which time airline interest in SSTs was dropping because of environmental concerns. The U.S. Congress cut government funding and airlines began canceling orders.
4 March 1921
Featured triple set of three wings, destroyed on first flight
27 June 1941
Hughes H-4 Hercules "Spruce Goose"
2 November 1947
World's largest flying boat, and largest wingspan of any aircraft
1944
Proposed heavy bomber, never flown
20 October 1943
Selected and further developed as the Amerika Bomber
11 August 1933
Large experimental bomber developed during the 1930s, crashed 4 months after first flight.
Nakajima G10N1 Fugaku
1943
Proposed long range bomber, never flown
21 September 1964
Experimental bomber capable of 3 times the speed of sound. Before the first prototype was ever built it was determined by the Kennedy Administration that no matter how high and how fast the bomber, Soviet surface to air missiles would eventually catch up in capability, and it was dropped in favor of ICBMs.
The concept for the super large transport aircraft which began in the 1990s
KR-860 (Kryl'ya Rossii or Wings of Russia) early named as SKD-717 is super large transport aircraft with weights about 650 tonnes (Antonov An-225 weight is 600 tonnes), payload about 300 tonnes (An-225 payload is 250 tonnes) and 860 to 1000 passengers, a proposed Double decker wide-body Superjumbo jet by Russian aerospace company Sukhoi.
Hydrogen spaceplane concept
Concept antipodal hypersonic hydrogen passenger plane
  1. ^ For designs that never flew the year of design or conception is used instead.
Helicopters and rotary wing aircraft
Aircraft
First flight[Note 1]
Note
21 September 1961
Mass-produced heavy-lift helicopter
6 November 1957
Advanced autogyro, prototype only
1952
Heavy-lift helicopter with the largest rotor flown
July 1957
Mass-produced heavy-lift helicopter
10 July 1968
Largest helicopter ever built
14 December 1977
Heaviest and most powerful helicopter in production
9 May 1962
Heavy-lift "skycrane"
Eurocopter EC725 Super Cougar
2005
Largest helicopter in service with the French armed forces
1981
Largest helicopter in service with the US armed forces
June 15, 1958
British prototype of heavy-lift helicopter
  1. ^ For designs that never flew the year of design or conception is used instead.
Dirigible


This page was last modified on 14 January 2011 at 11:59.