Saturday, December 11, 2010

Point Reyes Lighthouse



Point Reyes Lighthouse
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Point Reyes Lighthouse

Point Reyes Light
Location:
Year first lit:
1870
Automated:
1975
Foundation:
Construction:
Cast Iron with Brick Lining
Tower shape:
16-sided Pyramidal
Markings/Pattern:
white with red roof
Height:
35 ft (10.6 m)
Focal Height:
265 ft.
Original lens:
First order Fresnel lens rotating, 1870
Range:
24 mi.
white flash every 5 s
Admiralty number:
G4356
ARLHS number:
USA-636
USCG number:
6-0385
Point Reyes Light Station
Coordinates:
Architect:
Marston, Phineas F.
Governing body:
MPS:
Light Stations of California MPS
Added to NRHP:
September 3, 1991[1]
NRHP Reference#:
91001100
The Point Reyes Lighthouse, also known as Point Reyes Light or the Point Reyes Light Station, is a lighthouse in the Gulf of the Farallones on Point Reyes in Marin County, California, U.S.A.

History
A lighthouse was assigned to Point Reyes in 1855, but construction was delayed for fifteen years because of a dispute between the United States Lighthouse Board and the landowners over a fair price for the land. The lighthouse is a sixteen sided, 37 foot tower, and a twin of Cape Mendocino Light. The first-order Fresnel lens was first lit on December 1, 1870. Electricity came to the lighthouse in 1938, and concrete steps were built into the cliff in 1939. The station was automated in 1975.
The following historical information from March 1962 is maintained on the USCG web site:
Point Reyes Light Station was established in 1870 at Point Reyes, Calif., 19 miles (31 km) from the nearest town of Inverness. It is a family station with a complement of four men who maintain a first order light, fog signal and radio beacon. The light tower itself is a sixteen-sided structure of forged iron plate (the original tower) bolted to solid rock. The top of the lantern is 37 feet (11 m) above the ground and focal plane of the light is 294 feet (90 m) above sea level. To reach the light, men assigned must descend 308 steps on the headland from the plateau above the station where the family quarters are situated. The quarters are new, two-story, four-family units (four-plex) built in 1960. The four-plex contains two 2-bedroom and two 3-bedroom units. Buildings maintained on the property, in addition to the family quarters, are the fog signal building, engine room, pump house, paint locker, double garage and a four-car carport with adjoining office and work shop. Point Reyes is, by official records, the windiest and foggiest on the Pacific Coast. The station is frequently blanketed by week-long periods of fog and few years pass that do not see violent gales of 75 to 100 mph (121 - 161 km/h) strike the area. Point Reyes Light Station is one of the District’s outstanding tourist attractions. On fair summer weekends we often have several hundred visitors logged aboard. Escorting visitors has become a major portion of the duties of men assigned. Dependent children on the station travel three miles (five kilometers) by station vehicle to school. Commissary and post exchange privileges are available at Hamilton Air Force Base (the nearest armed forces installation), or in the San Francisco area.[2]
The lighthouse was used as a location for the 1980 John Carpenter film The Fog.
It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.[1]
Image gallery
Point Reyes light tower in 1871, shortly after completion.(Eadweard Muybridge photograph)

Point Reyes Light Station, shortly after the completion of the tower but before the construction of the work room.

Point Reyes Light Station before automation (undated USCG photo).

Emergancy light on fog signal building.


Detail of light tower and lantern house in 2009, with first order Fresnel lense visible.

Interior of the light tower, ground floor.

First order Fresnel lense at Point Reyes lighthouse, with curtains to prevent damage from sun during day hours.

Long stairs leading down to the lighthouse.]]
See also


External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Point Reyes Lighthouse

This page was last modified on 3 September 2010 at 20:05.