Thursday, November 11, 2010

Intelligence Agency

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The SIS Building, headquarters of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6)

An intelligence agency is a governmental agency that is devoted to information gathering (known in the context as "intelligence assessment") for purposes of national security and defence. Means of information gathering may include espionage, communication interception, cryptanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. The assembly and propagation of this information is known as intelligence analysis.

Intelligence agencies can provide the following services for their national governments.

· provide analysis in areas relevant to national security;

· give early warning of impending crises;

· serve national and international crisis management by helping to discern the intentions of current or potential opponents;

· inform national defence planning and military operations;

· protect secrets, both of their own sources and activities, and those of other state agencies; and

· may act covertly to influence the outcome of events in favour of national interests, or influence international security.

Intelligence agencies are also involved in defensive activities such as counter-intelligence and counter-terrorism.

There is a distinction between "security intelligence" and "foreign intelligence". Security intelligence pertains to national security threats (e.g. terrorism, espionage). Foreign intelligence involves information collection relating to the political, or economic activities of foreign states.

Some agencies have been involved in assassination, arms trafficking, coups d'état, and the placement of misinformation (propaganda) as well as other covert operations, in order to support their own or their governments' interests.

List of major intelligence agencies (by country)

· Australian Federal Police (AFP) Intelligence

· Staatsveiligheid / Sûreté de l'État (SV/SE) – State Security Service

· Agência Brasileira de Inteligência (ABIN) – Brazilian Intelligence Agency

· Agencia Nacional de Inteligencia (ANI) National Intelligence Agency

· Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (DAS) Administrative Department of Security (of Colombia)

Cuba Dirección General de Inteligencia

· Bezpečnostní informační služba (BIS) – Security Information Service

· Úřad pro zahraniční styky a informace (ÚZSI) – Office for Foreign Relations and Information

· Vojenské zpravodajství (VZ) – Military Intelligence

· Politiets Efterretningstjeneste (PET) – Danish Security and Intelligence Service

· Forsvarets Efterretningstjeneste (FE) – Danish Defence Intelligence Service

· Al-Mukhabarat al-'AmmahEgyptian General Intelligence Directorate

· Mabahith Amn al-Dawla al-'UlyaState Security Investigation Bureau

· Al-Mukhabarat al-Harbeya (Military Intelligence)

· Suojelupoliisi (SUPO) – Security Intelligence Service

o Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure (DGSE) – General Directorate of External Security

o Direction du Renseignement Militaire (DRM) – Directorate of Military Intelligence

o Direction de la Protection et de la Sécurité de la Défense (DPSD) – Directorate for the Protection and the Security of the Defence

o Direction Centrale du Renseignement Intérieur (DCRI) – Central Directorate of Interior Intelligence

o Unité de Coordination de la Lutte Antiterroriste (UCLA) – Co-ordination Unit of the Fight Against Terrorism

o Traitement du Renseignement et Action Contre les Circuits Financiers Clandestins (TRACFIN) – Intelligence Treatment and Action Against Underground Financial Circuits

o Direction Nationale du Renseignement et des Enquêtes Douanières (DNRED) – National Directorate of the Intelligence and Customs Investigations

· Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) – Federal Intelligence Service

· Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV) – Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution

· Militärischer Abschirmdienst (MAD) – Military Counterintelligence Service

· Ethniki Ypiresia Pliroforion (NIS) – Hellenic National Intelligence Service

o Directorate of Naval Intelligence

o Directorate of Air Intelligence

o Image Processing and Analysis Centre

o Directorate of Signals Intelligence

o Central Economic Intelligence Bureau

o Directorate of Economic Enforcement

o Directorate of Anti-Evasion

· Badan Intelijen Strategis (BAIS)

· Badan Intelijen Keamanan (BAINTELKAM)


· SAVAK Defunct secret police,replacement by VEVAK

· ha-Mossad le-Modiin u-le-Tafkidim Myukhadim (Mossad) – Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations

· Shirut Bitahon Klali (ISA) – Israel Security Agency

· AmanMilitary Intelligence Directorate

· Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza Interna (AISI) – Agency for Internal Information and Security

· Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza Esterna (AISE) – Agency for External Information and Security

· Valstybės Saugumo Departamentas (VSD) – State Security Department

· Kor Risik DiRajaRoyal Intelligence Corps

· Centro de Investigación y Seguridad Nacional (CISEN) – National Security and Investigation Center

· Agencia Federal de Investigacion (AFI) – Federal Investigation Agency

· Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire (DST) – Directorate of Territorial Surveillance

· Algemene Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst (AIVD) – General Intelligence and Security Service

· Militaire Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst (MIVD) – Military Intelligence and Security Service

· Nationaal Coördinator Terrorismebestrijding (NCTb) – Domestic Counter-Terrorist Unit

· 'Fiscale inlichtingen- en opsporingsdienst (FOID-ECD) – Fiscal Information and Investigation Service

o Intelligence Service of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (ISAFP)

o Philippine National Police - Intelligence Group (PNP-IG)

o Bureau of Customs - Intelligence Group (BOC-IG)

o Bureau of Internal Revenue - National Investigation Division (BIR-NID)

o Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines - Security and Intelligence Service (CAAP-SIS)

o Land Transportation Office - Intelligence and Investigation Division (LTO-IID)

o Philippine Coast Guard - Intelligence, Security and Law Enforcement (PCG-ISLE)

· Agencja Wywiadu (AW) – Foreign Intelligence Agency

· Agencja Bezpieczeństwa Wewnętrznego (ABW) – Internal Security Agency

· Służba Wywiadu Wojskowego (SWW) – Military Intelligence Service

· Służba Kontrwywiadu Wojskowego (SKW) – Military Counterintelligence Service

· Centralne Biuro Antykorupcyjne (CBA) – Central Anticorruption Bureau

· Serviço de Informações de Segurança (SIS) – Security Intelligence Service

· Serviço de Informações Estratégicas de Defesa (SIED) – Strategic Defense Intelligence Service

· Sistema de Informações da República Portuguesa (SIRP) – Intelligence System of the Portuguese Republic

· Serviciul Roman de Informatii (SRI) – Romanian Information Service

· Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti (FSB) – Federal Security Service

· Glavnoye Razvedyvatelnoye Upravlenie Genshtaba (GRU) – Main Intelligence Directorate of General Staff

· Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (SVR) – Foreign Intelligence Service

· Al Mukhabarat Al A'amahGeneral Intelligence Directorate

· Bezbednosno Informativna Agencija (BIA) Security Informative Agency

· Vojnoobavestajna agencija (VOA) Military Intelligence Agency

· Slovenská informačná služba (SIS) – Slovak Information Service

· Vojenská spravodajská služba (VSS) – Military Intelligence Service

· Národný bezpečnostný úrad (NBS) – National Security Agency

· Centro Nacional de Inteligencia (CNI) – National Intelligence Centre

· Kontoret för särskild inhämtning (KSI) – Office for Special Acquisition

· Underrättelsekontoret (UNDK) – Intelligence Office

· Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire (DST) – Directorate of Territorial Surveillance

· Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı (MİT) – National Intelligence Organization

· Holovne Upravlinnya Rozvidky (HUR) – Central Intelligence Directorate

· Sluzhba Bezpeky Ukrayiny (SBU) – Security Service of Ukraine

· Sluzhba Zovnishnioyi Rozvidky Ukrayiny (SZR or SZRU) – Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine

· Security Service (colloquially MI5)

See also

o HUMINT or human intelligence

o GEOINT or geospatial intelligence

o IMINT or imagery intelligence

o MASINT or measures and signatures intelligence

o OSINT or open source intelligence

o SIGINT or signals intelligence

§ COMINT or communications intelligence

§ ELINT or electronics intelligence

Further reading


· Encyclopedia of espionage, intelligence, and security, hrg. von K. Lee Lerner und Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, 3 Bände, Detroit [u.a.] : Gale [u.a.], 2004

· Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones, Cloak and Dollar: A History of American Secret Intelligence, Yale University Press, 2002

· Richard C. S. Trahair, Encyclopedia of Cold War espionage, spies, and secret operations, Westport, Conn. [u.a.] : Greenwood Press, 2004

· Amy B. Zegart, Flawed by design : the evolution of the CIA, JCS, and NSC, Stanford, Calif. : Stanford Univ. Press, 1999


· The Journal of Intelligence History


· Ruiz, Victor H., 2010. "A Knowledge Taxonomy for Army Intelligence Training: An Assessment of the Military Intelligence Basic Officer Leaders Course Using Lundvall’s Knowledge Taxonomy". Applied Research Projects. Texas State University Paper 331.